How did Chairman Mao be born in northern Shaanxi (1947)?


In the 1950s, at the beginning of the Military Expo, my father, Huang Zhengxiong, transferred from the Nanjing Military Academy to the Army Expo to the display design work, and worked until he retired. After retiring, he lived in the Ban Ganxiu, and our family and the famous painter Gao Hong’s house became close neighbors.

Oil painting created by Gao Hong in 1957: “Chairman Mao was in northern Shaanxi (1947)”


In a blink of an eye, it has been 30 years since I moved into the Qianxiu. Before becoming close neighbors, we all lived in the military dormitory and were neighbors. The two of us are very familiar with each other.

On March 25 this year, Uncle Gao Hong was admitted to the 301 hospital. The condition has been unstable, and our hearts are hanging. At 4:40 am on June 30, Tianxiong sent a WeChat: “Yaping, Dad died yesterday evening. Thank you and Liu Wei for his respect and care for him …” Back to Beijing from Hainan, talking to Uncle Gao Hong across the glass is a farewell.


For decades, Uncle Gao Hong and Tianxiong drew a large number of oil painting works, as well as sketching, sketching, etc. Among them, the most influential social influence was created by oil painting with the theme of the party. Some experts call it “high family”, which is an affirmation of their artistic language and artistic style.

In contact with oil painting during the Anti -Japanese War

Uncle Gao Hong’s childhood was spent in the anti -Japanese beacon. At that time, his third uncle “worked hard to save the country” on the temple wall of the village entrance made him keep in mind. In 1937, the “July 7th Incident”, the Japanese invaders launched a comprehensive war of aggression against China. Uncle Gao Hong was 11 years old. In mid -October, the Japanese army hit Xinle County, Hebei Province, Hebei Province. He could no longer be quietly studying at home like the past, practicing big characters, and learning world language with his father.

He saw the photo of Mao Zedong wearing a military hat taken by the American journalist Snow in the newspaper, and painted a white newspaper and black ink, and then posted this Mao Zedong image to the wall newspaper according to the regional government club. Painting career.

Uncle Gao Hong’s father, Gao Jingyu, participated in the famous Baoding “Second Division Scholarship” in his early years. He joined the Communist Party of China in 1929. After the Luogouqiao Incident, he went to Yan’an to the northern Shaanxi public school. Base Lingshou County is the county head. At the beginning of the following year, he sent Uncle Gao Hong, a 13 -year -old to participate in the Eighth Route Army. Uncle Gao Hong was assigned to the anti -enemy drama agency directly under the Political Department of the Jinchaji Military Region.

One week after joining the army, the Northwest Battlefield Service Troupe was led by Zhou Weizhen to a large courtyard in Jinchaji Cangyinggou and the participants of the Northern Bureau meeting with the Anti -enemy Drama Club.

On January 6, 1940, Uncle Gao Hong attended the Bethune memorial service. At the memorial service, he and the team members sang the “Song of Baihuien” edited by Captain Zheng Hongyu, Captain Zheng Hongyu.

During the anti -enemy drama agency, Uncle Gao Hong entered the training of the Department of Fine Arts of North China for half a year, which gave him a deeper understanding of the art work of the battlefield, and the painting ability has also improved.

In January 1943, due to the more severe situation behind the enemy, Uncle Gao Hong went to the Yellow River through the Yellow River through Shanxi to the Shaanxi -Gansu -Ningbian area with the Shanxi. Zheng Xiye, the art group leader of the Cultural and Working Group of the Cultural and Working Group of the Anti -University Corporation and the famous painter of the border area, has just seen two paintings published by Uncle Gao Hong in the newspaper “Anti -Enemy Three -Day Publication” published by the Jinchaji Military Region. In particular, one of the works of “You Fight and Our Converse” note the words “Author Gao Hong 16 years old”, leaving a deep impression. This time, he immediately rushed to transfer Uncle Gao Hong to the Cultural Troupe of the Anti -University Corporation and stayed in Suide. It was in Suide that Uncle Gao Hong received the bad news of his father Gao Jingyu’s sacrifice.

From April 1943 to the victory of the Anti -Japanese War, Uncle Gao Hong participated in many art activities under the leadership of Zheng Xiye. In mid -October 1945, Uncle Gao Hong advanced to the northeast with the CUHK, where he saw the French Impressionist album for the first time, and at the same time, he saw the single oil painting printing of Lenin painted by the Soviet artist. Since then, Uncle Gao Hong is determined to express the party’s history in the form of oil painting, and use oil to paint the leader of the Chinese people. Uncle Gao Hong and Zheng Xiye went to the Japanese diaspora area to buy old oil painting boxes and paintings and began to try oil painting.

Oil painting created by Gao Hong in 1964: “On the eve of the decisive battle”

Create a number of classic oil paintings in the history of art

In the autumn of 1948, in order to prepare for the Northeast Martyrs Memorial Hall, the leader will hand over the oil painting creation task reflecting the blasting hero Dong Cunrui’s heroic deeds to him. When we appreciate this work today, we will still be deeply touched by the oil paintings created by Uncle Gao Hong 73 years ago. This work has a shocking spiritual power. When Uncle Gao Hong created this work, although he was only 22 years old, he was already a “old” painter who had long been engaged in battlefield art. In the past ten years, the accumulation of troops life and styling art skills, he can fully assume this appointment. This is the beginning of the creation of Uncle Gao Hong’s oil painting. It is also a sign of the creation of historical paintings that record the Chinese revolution, which is a milestone.

In early 1952, he and Zheng Xiye participated in the Chinese literary artist delegation with Bajin as the head of the regiment to the Korean battlefield. There were also painters such as Guyuan, Luo Gongliu, and Xin Mang.

In February 1955, at the invitation of the Chinese Ministry of Culture, the Soviet government appointed Professor Maximov in Surikov Academy of Fine Arts in the Central Academy of Fine Arts to run oil painting training classes. The general political sent Gao Hong and He Kongde signed up for the exam and were admitted. Uncle Gao Hong’s oil painting masterpiece “Orphan” and “Chairman Mao in northern Shaanxi (1947)” was created in the later stage of the oil painting training class.

At that time, Maximov made a special trip to the general political and artistic creation room in Lianhua Pond to learn about the progress of Uncle Gao Hong. The “Orphan” created by Uncle Gao Hong reflects the volunteer soldiers to fight the North Korean orphan in the battle of the team. He set up a 1 to 1 battlefield hut in the corner of the studio, while sketching, while exploring the processing method of indoor light. Maximov praised it very much. “Orphan” later participated in the 1957 Moscow World Youth Gala Exhibition.

“Chairman Mao in Northern Shaanxi (1947)” is a painting with the theme of the Chinese Communist Party. In order to draw this historical painting, Uncle Gao Hong, in the summer of 1956, made a special trip to Shajiadian Township, Mizhi County to draw a group of oil painting sketches, sketches, and sketching light works.

After returning to Beijing’s creative sketch, Uncle Gao Hong found that there was still a material for white horses and lanterns and horses. He took a jeep to Mentougou to find similar materials. In the revolutionary history painting works, “Chairman Mao is in northern Shaanxi (1947)” is my favorite work. He depicts the moment when the central government led by Chairman Mao met the military and civilians in Shaanxi -Gansu -Ningbian District during the rain after the rain. The relationship between the fate of the masses.

When appreciating this work, the audience can also feel the melody, rhythm, and strength of music. This may have something to do with Uncle Gao Hong’s practice from a young age and after entering the anti -enemy drama club to learn music theory knowledge, dance, and Peking opera. He learned nutrition from these sister art.

In 1957, at the 30th anniversary of the founding of the Army, Uncle Gao Hong’s oil painting “Chairman Mao was in northern Shaanxi (1947)”, Zhang Wenxin’s oil painting “Engineering Train”, Pan He’s sculpture “Hard Years” and other works stood out. It is widely recognized by society and even became a collective memory of that era. “Chairman Mao in Northern Shaanxi (1947)” is a milematic masterpiece in the history of New China’s art.

In early 1964, Uncle Gao Hong had to draw a plan for Chairman Mao to win a thousand miles of oil paintings. He specifically customized the cotton coats and simple lounge chairs that Chairman Mao appeared in this painting. He also went to the farmers’ house near the Junbo Dormitory at that time to find the water tank appearing in the picture and painted oil painting sketching. This oil painting was the “Evening Night” that people later were very familiar with.

This work is also based on the history of moved to northern Shaanxi in 1947. Chairman Mao took the land cave in northern Shaanxi’s villagers. Except for the simple lounge chair and the box installed at the door, the others were furnishings of northern Shaanxi villagers. Uncle Gao Hong passed. These vivid details depict the historical moments of Chairman Mao’s luck in the cave.

These two works seem to be sisters and become the most important masterpiece of Uncle Gao Hong. Both works are published in various domestic albums and newspapers, affecting the hearts of the people. Among them, the “Night of the Decisive Battle” was selected as commemorative stamp distribution on the 30th anniversary of the Zunyi Conference. The communication approach was more widely known.

Uncle Gao Hong’s work has a deep mood as poetry, and the sense of realism and thickness depicts historical events. It is well -deserved to win the first “Chinese Art Award · Lifetime Achievement Award”. Mr. Jin Shangyi talked about the achievements of Uncle Gao Hong’s historical painting, saying that this is related to “his loyalty to revolution and the understanding of leaders.” His words are intriguing.

(Original title: Gao Hong and his party history oil painting creation)

Source: Huang Yaping, author of Beijing Evening News

Process editor: L022

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