Millennium Milk Tea Civilization Journey
Source: Yangcheng Evening News
Tea and milk represent the preferences of the Central Plains farming civilization and northern nomadic civilization at the diet. The milk tea that originated in China has witnessed the magnificent history of the changes in national territory and the exchange of national cultural exchanges, and has also become a typical example of the far -reaching impact of Chinese culture on the world.
Tea goes north and cheese southward
Legend has it that tea was invented by Shennong’s, but the Shennong family living in the Central Plains may not have seen tea trees native to the China Yunnan -Guizhou Plateau at all. But the legend of tea medicine is credible. All kinds of tea with bitter taste are not suitable for consumption and can only be used for pharmaceuticals. But the ancestors quickly found that even if they were not sick, eating tea products could make people feel excited and pleasant. After several years, people understand that this pleasant thing is called caffeine.
Tea trees from the mountains in the southern area quickly spread to the north with the expansion of the Central Plains dynasty. In the Xuan Emperor of the Western Han Dynasty, Wang Xun’s “Children’s Treaty” appeared “Buying Tea” and “Cooking Tea”, which shows that the tea had become a commodity at that time and was listed on the streets of Chang’an.
During the Three Kingdoms period, Zhang Ye described the tea making method of fresh leaves in “Guangya”: dry and tightly pressed into cakes, in order to transport and save, which shows that at the end of the Han Dynasty, the tea has been spread. Areas where tea trees are planted. At the same time, for the first time in “Guangya”, the method of eating tea appeared: first roasting cake tea, mushing into the end, putting in a bowl with boiling soup, and then mixing the pupa. The “condiments” here are very interesting, including salt, pepper, ginger, green onion and Chenpi. Obviously, the Chinese at that time did not appreciate the tea flavor.
Synchronization with the spread of tea, milk has gradually south through the pace of expansion of nomadic peoples, impacting the catering culture of the Central Plains. This kind of animal husbandry by -products that are not cost -effective, rich in nutrition, full of satiety, strong taste, and smooth taste, and are easily cooked in vegetables and cooking. Know how popular.
During the hundreds of years of communication between the Central Plains and the northern nation, the farming people and nomadic peoples fully understand and learn the way of the other party. In the middle of the Northern and Southern Dynasties, in the era of “Qi Min Yao Shu”, the Han scholars can already record the production methods of various dairy products in detail and accurately. These include “fried milk” (concentrated milk), “dried milk” (milk powder), “remove the floating milk” (dehydrated milk), “醍醐” (a kind of refined milk, similar to butter), “crispy” (creamy “(cream” (creamy cream ), “Type” (butter or yogurt) and so on.
Regarding the earliest records of milk tea, there is an intriguing history: Wang Su, a taxi of the Southern Dynasties, was defeated by the Northern Wei Dynasty because he was involved in the chaos of the ancestors. At first he couldn’t get used to the diet in the north. “Slave” is not completely derogatory in Chinese. This word means “personal partner”. If Wang Su originally said that “tea is a partner of milk”, then this should be the first time in human history to record milk tea. It was 1,000 years earlier than the Austrian invented by the Austrian in the 16th century.
Cultural integration contributes to the collision between milk and tea
More than 300 years after the collapse of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the unity of the Sui and Tang dynasties created a new and powerful era of Chinese civilization, and also gave the new fusion reason for milk and tea. Regarding the Western Regions, the four towns are set up in the four towns; The Li Tang dynasty opened up the territory of no ancients, and objectively accelerated the integration of the Central Plains farming civilization and northern and Northwest nomadic civilization.
A large number of dairy products were brought into the international metropolis Changan through the Hu Ren in the Western Regions and the northern herdsmen, and a historic collision with tea had a historic collision. Li Fan’s “Biography of the Hou Hou Family” records: “The emperor Sun Fengjie, the king of the king, the beaur, etc., seeking the secretion of poetry, the secretion said: The spin foam turned into a jasper pond, adding crispy to the glazed eye.” Crispy, cream, Pepper is peppercorns; the milk bubbles that appear after mixing milk tea are metaphorized by the poet as “glazed eye”. It can be seen that milk and tea mixed drinks are the fashion of Changan in the Tang Dynasty.
Milk Tea World Tour
When milk tea continued to spread west and north, the people in the Central Plains region changed their attitudes towards it.
During the middle and late Tang Dynasty, the tea saint Lu Yu and his “Tea Sutra” were born in the air. The “clear drink” of the previous generation was used to cook the tea -making process, steamed, roasted, grilled, and fried. Tea mainstream drinking method. The development of poetry and calligraphy in the Tang and Song dynasties has made the original Chinese culture that was still brave. People were originally used to the caffeine in the extract of the tea, and drunk salt and spices. After the Middle Tang Dynasty, they gradually tended to “contain not exposed” and appreciate the original flavor of the tea itself.
In this social atmosphere, Chinese milk tea gradually declined. In the Northern Song Dynasty, Su Zhe wrote in “He Zhan Fry Tea”: “Northern people drink all drinks, salt, chili pepper ginger is full of mouth.” The word “slang” shows a disdain of milk tea.
Fortunately, milk tea did not die because of the abandonment of the Chinese. On the contrary, it stubbornly rolled over the Himalayas, crossed the Pamir Plateau, and spread to a wider and larger world.
The Arabs are the earliest foreigners who accept milk tea in the strict sense. During the Tang Dynasty, the folk exchanges between China and Arabia had been normalized. In the long -distance business journey, the excitement and satiety of milk tea cannot be replaced by other beverages. Therefore, salty milk tea popular in northern China and the Western Regions has also become a drink for Arab merchants to learn.
The Arabs also transformed Chinese milk tea. The sucrose was combined with milk tea during this period, and it was difficult to leave in the subsequent millennium. There are no complicated spices and salt, nor does it need to make the process of cooking. As long as the tea and milk are mixed, and two spoons of sucrose are added to become a cup of rich and smooth milk tea. The revolution brought by sucrose has installed the most powerful booster for the conquest of Chinese milk tea conquest.
Since then, Arab sweet milk tea has become synonymous with elegant life and leisure afternoon tea, and has become the object of imitation of European countries. Especially Byzantine, which bordered the Arab Empire, first learned the production of milk tea.
Although in the process of the Crusades, the Europeans grabbed sugarcane seeds from the Arabs and obtained tea species in trade with the East. However, the latitude of European countries was high, and the climate was not suitable for planting sugar cane and tea. Following the rules of rareness, sweet milk tea was defined as a luxury drink that only nobles can enjoy in Europe, which is a symbol of quality of life.
In addition to being passed into Arabia to the Mediterranean through the Western Regions, Chinese milk tea also has a path to south. At the end of the 8th century AD, Tubo invaded Tianzhu in the south, and the butter tea also turned over the Himalayas and entered the South Asian subcontinent. The Ganges Plain has a low -altitude, high temperature, fertile soil, can feed enough dairy cows, and grow a large amount of wild tea trees. It is easy to get milk tea. Decades later, Tubo’s invaders retreated, but milk tea was deeply rooted here.
Hundreds of years later, the “Maritime Carrier” Dutch ship drove to India and opened a colony to open a port. They were surprised to find that the civilians who couldn’t eat here actually drank the European royal family’s exclusive milk tea to fill their hunger. The Dutch people who are good at business immediately see business opportunities. They have introduced high -leaf black tea and small -breed black tea from Yunnan and Fujian in China. Together with the Caribbean’s sucrose and the rich milk resources in the country, it built the navigation map of European milk tea.
Several years later, Assam and Dajiling became the world’s largest and most concentrated black tea production area. Assam milk tea and Dajiling milk tea also became a symbol of the taste of milk tea in the world. In the final analysis, their source is still China.
When milk tea meets with “pearl”
At the end of the 17th century, after defeating Spain, the emerging marine power Britain began to meet the former comrades -in -arms Dutch swordsmen. At the same time, Britain began to comprehensively study the advanced system and living habits of the Netherlands, one of them was milk tea.
Traditional British milk tea types include royal milk tea, Earl milk tea, Oleu milk tea, and vanilla milk tea. They generally inherit the practice of lotus tea, but they only make fine -tuning in the aspects of raw material ratio and accessories. Essence
Later, milk tea began the pace of conquering the world with the British colonists’ strong ships: from South Africa to Egypt, from North America to Australia, where there are people, there is a trace of milk tea. More importantly, the British brought milk tea back to its hometown -China.
As the British colonies of Myanmar, Malaysia and other countries on the Central South Peninsula, Chinese people living in these places first came into contact with British milk tea.
Due to the expensive prices of imported Indian black tea, the Chinese natives of Fujian prefer Oolong tea, Fujian black tea, and jasmine tea in their hometown, while the fellows of Liang and Guangxi chose Shan Cong Tea, Yingde Black Tea, Pu’er Tea and so on as raw materials for milk tea. After adding concentrated milk, it has become a delicate and smooth “stockings milk tea” and “鸳 milk tea” with rich tastes, and together with Hong Kong -style tea restaurants, becoming Hong Kong’s most representative food culture.
In addition, a large number of Indians, especially the Tamilians in southern India, came to Southeast Asia to help British build, which also brought local milk tea culture. They integrated with Chinese milk tea and English milk tea. “Pull tea”.
In the 20th century, the development of milk tea was broader and free. By the mid -1980s, almost all the water on the streets of Taiwan began to sell milk tea. There is an epoch -making event at this stage. In 1987, Taiwan’s “Chunshui Hall” took the lead in throwing a place called “Pink Yuan” into milk tea, which was successful. Because the cooked pink is round like black pearls, it is named “Pearl Milk Tea”. No one expected that it was this kind of pearl milk tea that landed in the mainland market ten years later and awakened the milk tea civilization that lasted for thousands of years.