Milk, goat milk, camel milk … Which milk is more nutritious?


Nowadays, the level of living is high, and the nutritional value of milk is increasingly valued. From the beginning, there are only milk, to the market, sheep milk, horse milk, camel milk … more and more tricks. But at the same time, many questions are followed. Which milk nutritional value is higher? What is the difference between milk, goat milk, horse milk …

Milk contains various nutrients necessary for the human body, such as lactose, high -quality protein (casein and a small amount of whey protein), natural calcium, beneficial fatty acids and fat -soluble vitamins. Milk and its products are different, and there is a slight difference in nutrition-

Basal sterilized milk, known as the real “fresh milk”, 100%raw milk milk, using 60 ° C ~ 82 ° C for heating treatment, killing bad microorganisms and pathogenic bacteria. Short, about 7 days, it needs to be kept refrigerated.

High temperature sterilization milk, 100%raw milk milk is used as raw materials, and generally uses 80 ° C ~ 90 ° C for 30 ~ 60 seconds. The active substances and nutrients are damaged more. sky.

Restarted milk, also known as reducing milk, re -milk, add an appropriate amount of water with concentrated milk (condensed milk) or milk powder into a lotion that is equivalent to the proportion of raw milk and solid objects. A considerable part of nutrients, so the nutritional value is not as good as fresh milk.

Milk is divided into pure sour and flavored yogurt according to national standards. Pure yogurt uses 100%raw milk as raw materials, and is fermented by Baogalia Lactobacterium and thermal splitter. It is beneficial, and there are even research on the cure rate of pylori that can improve gastric disease.

Dairy drinks are essentially beverages, not milk. The first place in the ingredients is not milk, but water. In addition, various sugar and flavors will be added. It is not recommended to drink more, nor can it be supplemented by dairy products.

Milk powder, including infant formula milk powder, children’s growth milk powder, and adults (middle -aged and elderly people) milk powder, adding a variety of trace elements and other beneficial nutritional ingredients by condensing fresh milk and other beneficial nutritional ingredients. The recipe milk powder is a milk product based on milk. The nutrient component is closer to human milk, also known as breast emulsifying milk powder. Overall, milk powder is more nutritious than fresh milk.

Sheep milk is similar to milk, but the protein and fat content are higher than that of beef milk. The size of the fat particles is close to human milk, and it contains more linoleic acid and peanutic acid. It is a better food for babies. However, the content of vitamin B12 in sheep milk is small and the content of folic acid is very small. Eating sheep milk for a long time may have nutritional giant red blood cell anemia. Pay attention to the above vitamins.

Horse milk and donkey milk, the two nutrients are similar, protein and fat are low, but the particles are small and easy to digest. It is suitable for short -term fed infants with poor digestive function and should not be eaten for a long time.

Camel milk is not much different from cow milk in terms of nutritional components. The content of protein and calcium is slightly higher, and lactose and fat content are lower. However, the sodium and iron content is higher, which makes the camel milk taste a bit salty.

So, how should different people choose?

Adults and children: It is recommended to drink normal whole milk milk. Total milk retains most of the nutrients in milk, and is rich in fat -soluble vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, and calcium, and this natural calcium is easily absorbed by the human body.

Infants and young children: Breast milk is mainly under 1 year old. If it is broken after 1 year of age, it is recommended that formula milk powder is recommended as the preferred dairy product. As for whether milk powder or goat milk powder depends on the situation, such as poor digestive function and poor constitution, etc., goat milk powder can be given priority. Infants who often have diarrhea can also choose eclacal dairy products.

Middle -aged and elderly people: The gastrointestinal function is reduced and the calcium is lost, osteoporosis is prone to occur, and vitamin A is generally lacking. Therefore, it is recommended to drink dairy or high -calcium dairy that enhanced vitamin AD.

In addition, lactose is not durable. It is recommended to drink low lactose milk, such as yogurt. People with obesity and hyperlipidemia, because they cannot consume too much fat, especially saturated fatty acids, so skim milk or low -fat milk is more suitable.

When you drink milk, you should also pay attention: milk should not drink water. Milk can provide high -quality protein and calcium to the human body, but at the same time, the fat content is not low. If there is too much intake, it will cause excess energy. In addition, excessive protein intake will increase the burden on the kidneys and other organs, and even the incidence of kidney stones in the world with more milk in the world is higher. Do not use milk to send medicine. The calcium contained in milk will react with the drug. It is easy to form a layer of covering film on the surface of the drug to reduce the efficacy and may also harm the body.

In addition, the following statement about milk is wrong.

Drinking milk is better to drink soy milk. This is purely nonsense, and milk and soy milk have their own advantages and disadvantages. Milk’s protein and calcium content is much higher than soy milk. For example, every 100g of milk contains 104mg of calcium, while 100g of soy milk contains 10mg of calcium, which is as much as 10 times. Soymilk contains plant chemicals such as soy isoflavones and saponin, which is more beneficial to patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases such as menopause syndrome, hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, etc., and such people can choose more.

Milk cannot drink on an empty stomach. The body needs energy when it is empty. At this time, drinking milk will consume high -quality protein. Seemingly makes sense, but in fact, lactose and fat in milk can provide energy more energy, which will not cause protein losses. The phenomenon of uncomfortable drinking milk may be caused by gastrointestinal discomfort caused by lactose intolerance.

(Fujian Medical University Zhao Aili Wang Wenxiang)

Source: CPPCC Newspaper