The Forbidden City of Taipei outlines the daily use of the late Ming literati by Wen Zhenheng’s “Changwen Zhi”

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“Small daily life -a 17th -century life proposal” is a new exhibition opened by the Taipei Palace Museum a few days ago. The exhibition is based on the 17th -century calligraphy and painter Wen Zhenheng’s “Long Big Shin”. It exhibits related calligraphy and painting and appliances, re -discover the humanistic connotation of the exhibits, explores the details of the ancients’ tour, and how to gradually appreciate the ancient trend. It affects the daily use of literati at the end of the Ming Dynasty. The surging news was informed that the exhibition is divided into four units: “Wen Zhenheng and the Changzhi”, “Wenqing Taste”, “Available things”, and “Baijiajuzhen”. Porcelain and lacquerware. The exhibition period lasts until January 5, 2020.

The “small era” in this exhibition refers to a period of interesting and full of possibilities. From the perspective of modern material culture research, from the perspective of east and west communication, a glimpse of the story of the explorer at that time, and the stories of the rushway in the mountains and rushing channels, but also from the sight of Jiangnan to understand that the literati family seemed to be bland. In fact, it pays attention to the texture.

Baiyu toad water droplet displayed on the spot

According to the information provided by the Taipei Palace Museum, this exhibition wrote the two chapters of “calligraphy, calligraphy” and “appliances” classified by the 19th century calligraphy and painter Wen Zhenheng (1586-1645) as curators. The foundation, in addition to re -excavated the humanistic context contained in the collections of museums, also explores the details of the ancient people’s tour of the things, sorting out the related network of intersection, and the appreciation of the ancient home and daily aspects. Try the attitude of dealing with things outside of the ancients and look back at the relationship between modern people and things.

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

The exhibition is divided into four units, the unit one “Wen Zhenheng and the long object of the long things”, through the good books and calligraphy and painting works, outline the author’s life and intersection, and the publishing and publishing of the book “Changzhi” as an appreciation guide. Circulation. Unit 2 “Wenqing Taste” presents the daily stance and viewpoint of the daily use of ancient literati circles represented by Wen Zhenheng. Unit three “available things” use the cultural relics marked by collectors to echo the appreciation standards pointed out by Wen Zhenheng and their respective Tibetan objects and attitudes. Unit 4 “Baiju Jian” shows that logistics is gradually popularized and driven various antiques and new products, and even the labels and workshop store numbers will become a fashion part of fashion.

Wen Zhenheng and “Changwu Zhi”

Wen Zhenheng, the word Qimei, No. Muji. He was born in the influential literary family in Suzhou in the Ming Dynasty. Since his great-grandfather Wen Zhengming (1470-1559), there are many people who are famous for poetry, calligraphy, calligraphy and calligraphy. Wen Zhenheng was a representative of the tradition of family art and literature in the late Ming Dynasty. His scope of activities is not limited to Suzhou in his hometown, and he has also expanded to Nanjing, Hangzhou and other places gathered by the four elite elites.

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Wen Zhenheng held the rich cultural capital of Wen’s Wen’s Wenshi, and compiled his own knowledge about Qinqi, calligraphy, calligraphy, fragrant drinking, clothing device, and gardening. The representative guide also revealed that at that time, Feng Ya Wenshi had a delicate attitude towards life at all levels of life. This unit will introduce the works and collections of Wen Zhenheng and relatives and friends, as well as several versions of his popular book “Long Tuzhi”.

Ming Wen Zhenheng painting landscape

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

In the painting, the scribes left from the quiet water pavilion looked back at the Shiliang Waterfall in Wonderland. This painting was in 1644 that the Qing soldiers entered the customs.

“Changwu Zhizhi” Ming Wen Zhenheng wrote the postship of the late Ming Dynasty

This book was written in the early 17th century. The term “long thing” comes from the allusion of “no long things” in “The New Words of the World”, which originally refers to the extra things outside the body. Here, Wen Zhenheng’s daily living, what you see, the residence and the use of things, seemingly leisure, but can be seen everywhere.

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

“Wu County Zhi” Ming Niu Ruolin Xiu compilation of Ming Chongzhen fifteen -year journal

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Wu County, Jiangsu Province, is located in the west of Suzhou Prefecture. The exhibition “Wu County Chronicle” specifically records the county’s mountains and rivers customs, household registration fields, houses and biographies. Fifty -five volumes of the whole book, recorded a lot of activities about Wen Zhengming, such as the “stop cloud museum” built by Wen Zhengming’s father Wenlin, the “medicine garden” of great Sun Wen Zhenmeng and Wen Zhenheng The famous fields of social and artistic activities in the Suzhou literati in the Ming Dynasty reflected the local influence of the cultural family in the past.

In the early Ming Dynasty, Longquan Kiln Celadon Porch Flower Phoenix Tail Bottle

Beginning in the late 16th century, literati in the Jiangnan region gradually incorporated florals and florals into daily routine, not only creating an elegant atmosphere, but also appreciating vases. According to Wen Zhenheng, the higher Longquan kiln bottle is suitable for plum blossoms.

Wenqing taste

In the case of economy, collectors who fits the minds of Wen Zhenheng began to pay attention to the seemingly useless outside body in life. These collectors used to show their outstanding positions and visionary objects, books and paintings, and then Become daily items. How to find extraordinary places from daily life has become the appreciation skill of collectors.

How to identify bronze porcelain, French book painting, Song and Yuan Shan’s books, and do not take the ancients from the Fa, and start with innovation. Zhao Xizhen’s “Dongtian Qing Lu” in the Song Dynasty, the origin of the “Gugu Earth” of Cao Zhao’s “Gugu Division” in the Ming Dynasty, and accurately verified the analysis and became a guide to the descendants. Tu Long and others have their own good quality. The appreciation of these periods as Wen Zhenheng found the fun of enjoying the fun from the ancient law. Although the utensils are ancient, life is fresh everywhere.

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Southern Song Dynasty Longquan Kiln Celadon Paper Hammer Bottle

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Starting in the second half of the 16th century, while the writers collected antiques, they also set off a style of flower arrangement and product. The classification and use of flowers and equipment, especially emphasizing that it is necessary to fit together. Taking this product as an example, the Qianlong royal poem “Paper Paper Officials” on the bottom of the device shows that the shape of this device is “paper hammer bottle”, which can completely echo the “available vases in the bottle flower spectrum” (1595) in Zhang Qiande. “”.

Southern Song Guanyao Celadon Cascane Section Wash

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Wash is one of the essentials of ancient study rooms. Wen Zhenheng has all kinds of copper, porcelain, and jade materials in the pen. The scene of Qingguang’s antique articles.

Ming Xuande Blue Hirosteen Pond Fish Fish Wash Wash

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

This blue and white is washed as a ten -petal mouth. The bottom and outer walls of the device are painted with fish and water -grained patterns. It is the study that Wen Zhenheng recognizes Xuande porcelain.

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

“Gugu Earth” Ming Cao Zhao wrote the Jingshan Shulin “Yimen Guangzheng” publishing book in the Ming Dynasty

The author of this book Cao Zhao followed what he saw from his father since he was young, and wrote down the origin of bronze Yi Ding, French books, famous paintings, monuments, ancient kilns, lacquerware and other things. The monographs of the ancient weapon appraisal that the family attaches great importance to.

Transfer Tang Yin’s “Caiju Map”

The “Ancient Famous Xianxian” is also definitely the highest level of painting. This picture depicts Tao Yuanming, a literati idol, should be classified as a “Ancient Famous Sage” type of work in the late Ming Dynasty.

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Shang Shi Ding with Yuanhua Joy Dragon Jade Ding

Tong Ding, which was cooked in ancient times, was often configured with wooden lids by literati in the Ming Dynasty and converted into a incense burner. But these copper wares are not considered good incense, but are used as high -end collections and furnishings.

Available

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Tantai, ink beds, dripping, pen washing, paper town, incense burner and vases, etc., jointly created the life situation of literati in the 17th century. These utensils that are available for clearing or embellishment of books show a unique attitude towards life in specific space -time. Cultural relics with a collection of collectors’ names reflect the good and economic ability of literati and collectors. The division of “available” and “unavailable” reflects the knowledge literacy and taste judgment of Wen Zhenheng and his friends in the subtleties. Between the current flow, the literati settled the body and mind in the world where the items constructed, the “Ming Dynasty Shuzhai Truth Zone” is exactly the specific display of the literati ideal book.

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Japan’s eighteenth century Tongyu painted small box

The “Charity” (box (box) “is mentioned in the” 倭 倭 倭 “, that is, Japan’s painted paint box, because of its light quality and good workmanship, it is considered to be suitable for storage of” ancient jade heavy instruments or Jin and Tang small volumes. “Or” scroll, fragrant medicine, miscellaneous play “and other antiques are stored in the book.

Ming Sun Kehong’s “Clearance of Sales” (partial)

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

This work depicts the idle and elegant life of the literati in the late Ming Dynasty, and each paragraph adds a few questions. Through images and text, you can feel a lot of life similar to Wen Zhenheng.

Ming Wang’s “Dongli Autumn Color Picture”

Wang Yan is the title of chrysanthemum strange stone, and there is no lack of details. According to the “Hanging Monthly Order”, the “Hanging Monthly Order” should be a responding image suitable for September and October.

“The Complete Works of the Must of the Home”

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

This book is a daily -use book of family affairs compiled by the Yuan Dynasty people in the fourteenth century. It is divided into ten episodes. Everything is ready. Among them, “Wu Ji” records “applicable to the study” and “Treasure Different” to teach scholars how to buy pens, ink, paper, and crickets, as well as the ivory Jane, gold, silver, jade belt, crystal, crystal, crystal, crystal , Avate, Amber, Pearl, Coral and other rare babies.

Northern Song Ru Kiln Celadon Disc

The Muzo of this work has the knowledge of “Anyi Zhou Family”, and it is revealed that when it enters the Qing Palace, it is actually the old collection of An Qi. An Qi (1683-1745), Word Week, is a collector active in Tianjin and Yangzhou in the early Qing Dynasty (the first half of the 18th century). This book. On the other hand, if he returned to Wen Zhenheng’s era, he found that he rarely mentioned Ru Kiln, but Gao Yan was published earlier in “Zunsheng Eight Bitents”, such as several talked about the characteristics of Ru Kiln porcelain. Reflects the changes in the flow of cultural relics.

Baijujin

In Jiangnan in the late period, the market is active, and the demand for antiques and luxury goods will increase. The desire to appreciate knowledge has also led to the development of publishing. Appreciation books of various items, such as the emergence of collected books such as “Yang Xianxun Pot Department” and “Fang’s Ink Spectrum”, have become a cultural phenomenon that follows.

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

According to their own taste, the nobles of the princes and nobles pursue the three generations of bronze wares of ancient linked scholars. Craftsmen who are outstanding in craftsmanship, such as the famous porcelain masters Zhou Danquan, silvermaker Zhu Bishan, and jademaker Lu Zigang, with unique skills, have become the target of market competition. However, the authentic price is difficult to find, and there are fewer recognition ability. A large number of calligraphy and painting works and utensils that meet the needs of market demand are flowing in the market and become mainstream. It is quite different from the ideal ideal of the literati statement statement.

Yuanyan white glaze printing flower Fan lotus pattern bowl

Wen Zhenheng once mentioned that “there is also the name of the Yuanzhaoshu Mansion.” What should be referred to is the works of such white glaze belt “hub” and “government”.

Mingjiao Yellow cone arched beast face pattern

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Zhou Danquan was an antique master who was active in the antique collection world at the end of the 16th century. It is said that he saw a Dingyao white porcelain three -legged round tripod at the house of Tang Tai Chang (Jinshi in 1571), so he borrowed it with the owner and carefully copied it carefully. The pattern, and it also simulates a porcelain tripod that looks like the original, and it is difficult to distinguish from the original work, so that Tang Tai often loves to get rid of it and buy it as a copy. This work is also a three -legged round tripod. Although the bottom of the bottom is written “Zhou Danquan”, but because there is no evidence, it can be explained that it is indeed the hand of Zhou Danquan. Famous trademarks produced by the story.

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Ming Wanli Jiao Huang Bang Carved Kowloon Fangyu

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Along the mouth, there is a circle of knowledge. The word “Wu Weiwei” in Wanli shows that this small porcelain decorated with the nine dragon pattern is from Wu Weizhi. Wu Wei is a few pottery artists who have only been named on the work. It is said that he is good at repairing the blanks and can fully control the fire and make a small porcelain cup like egg shell.

Ming or Qing imitation Song Jiang’s cast copper furnace

The utensils cast by Jiang Niangzi in the Song Dynasty were considered by the famous bronze products, so many imitation products made in the Ming Dynasty appeared in the Ming Dynasty.

Yuan to Ming Zhu Bishan model “Zhang Jian Qianqian” Silver 元

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

In the late Ming Dynasty, the Ji Zai Zhu was famous for its “Langli Records”. His works and famous craftsmen of different types of workers at that time were “more than ordinary”. It shows the pursuit of famous works in the market.

It is rumored that Song and Ma Yuan’s “Hanyan Jixue Map”

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

“Changwu Zhi” marked the digital “Zhejiang School” painter as “evil in the painting”, and asked readers to exclude the list of Tibetan. Zhong Li is one of them. This should be used to forge the important reason for the horse far.

“Wanli Ye Edited” Ming Shenfu wrote a clear scarf box book

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

In the thirty -four or thirty -five years of Wanli, the literati scholar Shen Defu wrote “Wanli Ye Wan”. The local customs are a wide range of notes. In the book, the appreciation of the people, paintings, paintings, etc. in the book, are included in the “Toys” volume. The project includes calligraphy, calligraphy, playing, porcelain, good things, fake bones, law posts, paper, ink, lacquer, fan.

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

(Information from this article according to the Taipei Palace Museum)

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Southern Song Guanyao Celadon Cascane Section Wash

Ming Xuande Blue Hirosteen Pond Fish Fish Wash Wash

Ming Sun Kehong’s “Clearance of Sales” (partial)

Ming Sun Kehong’s “Clearance of Sales” (partial)

Ming Sun Kehong’s “Clearance of Sales” (partial)

Ming Sun Kehong’s “Clearance of Sales” (partial)

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Ming Sun Kehong’s “Clearance of Sales” (partial)

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Ming Sun Kehong’s “Clearance of Sales” (partial)

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Ming Sun Kehong’s “Clearance of Sales” (partial)

台北故宫以文震亨《长物志》勾勒晚明文人居家日用

Ming Sun Kehong’s “Clearance of Sales” (partial)

Northern Song Ru Kiln Celadon Disc