Equipment party ~ dare to embark on this simple but not simple flashlight?
Many people are afraid of flash. At the same time, it is really difficult to control two or three lights and even five lights. But if it is just a light, the problem is much simpler. What’s more, even if one person, one light, can play a lot of tricks. Then some author will take you to appreciate the first growth of a master of lights, simple but not simple photography.
Common cloth light method
The lighting method of one light is simple, and there are not many tricks. There are several commonly used. If your demand is just lighter, then the problem is too simple. First look at cloth light examples:
This kind of top flash should be the most commonly used light use of beginners, but it is actually the most ugly effect of the effect. The light light light on the front not only has no facial contours, but also the oil is very obvious, and the eyes are dull (the eyes will be in the middle of the eyes). Too ugly, it is not recommended. Therefore, even if there is only one lamp, it cannot be the top of the aircraft, but it should be led by the out of the machine.
Once the flash leaves the camera and change the incident angle slightly, even if it is just a little bit, the whole situation is different. In addition to brightening the face very well, you can also sketch a little face shadow. The shadow of the nose in this picture is located below the nose, and a thin outline shadow is also outlined by the faces on both sides.
A7R2+Fe85 1.4G 1/250S F1.4 ISO 1600
This side light can not only light up the face, but has a small amount of shadow area, which can outline the facial features. In addition, the eyes are on the side of the eyes, and it will look bright.
ILCE-7S + Fe 55mm F1.8 ZA 1/100S F2 ISO640
The beauty of the flash is here. Even if you just adjust a little bit of light, it will bring a completely different visual experience. The so -called Lun Brown is to leave a triangular high -glossy area under the eyes of one side. Compared to the previous layout, the shadow area of Lunbron is larger and the level is more clear. The cloth light technique is just open on the side of the side light. The position of the flash is higher or more.
ILCE-7S + Fe 55mm F1.8 ZA 1/100S F2.0 ISO 1000
Compared to the previous highlights that occupy the main area of the main area, this inverse light is the main area of shadow, while highlights have become the main means to outline the facial features of the face.
The above is the four commonly used basic cloth light. After mastering these basic skills, you can calmly cloth when laying the flash position. But don’t be proud, because this is just an entry of the flash.
ILCE-7RM2 + Fe 85mm F1.4 GM 1/60S F2.2 ISO 500
Selection of lamps
LED lights, hot boots, outer shots, and studio lamps are available. However, although so, the difference between these four lamps is actually quite large.
In terms of ease of use, LED lights are the simplest and intuitive, and the brightness of the lights and the shadow of the facial highlights are clear at a glance. Followed by the external lighting and shadow lights, the shape of the shape can be assisted. The hardest is hot boots. Therefore, easy to use: LED lights> studio lights> outer shooting lights> hot boots.
In terms of
Hot Boots> LED Lights> Outer Shooting Lights> Studios Lights
Studio Lantern> Outside Lights> Hot Boots> LED Lights
Of course, the above rankings are just general, and it does not rule out that individual special lights can break the routine. I have used these four kinds of lights, and I usually use hot boots. Because of portable, this is what I value most. The independent shooting of a person is too important to be portable.
The focal length of the flash
Focus settings. There is also a focal length setting on the flash, usually the camera defaults what the lens corresponds to what focal length. If you use 24 fixed focus, the flash sets the 24 focal length by default. If you use 85 fixed focus, the flash is default 85 focal length. In the flash, the main role of focusing is to affect the concentration of light. The smaller the focal length, the more the light is scattered; the larger the focal length, the more concentrated the light.
However, the actual shooting needs are definitely not 24 fixed focus matching 24 focal lengths, and 85 fixed focus matchs the 85 focal length. It is determined based on the distance between the flash and the model, and the range you need to illuminate.
ILCE-7RM2 + Fe 85mm F1.4 GM 1/160S F1.4 ISO 400
Taking this picture as an example, the model is 1.72m, 85 fixed focus system. The light position is between the lens and the model. At this time, if the flash is 85mm, the incident angle is too narrow, and the light cannot cover the whole body of the model. So I set up 50mm, just to light up the slender thighs of the model. Therefore, the focal length of the flash is not set according to the lens, but it is determined based on the range you want to illuminate during shooting.
Flash exposure mode
There is a scale of 1/1, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32, 1/64, 1/128 on the flash output power. This does not refer to the shutter speed, but the percentage of the maximum output power. For example, 1/1 refers to the full power output, and 1/8 refers to the power output of 1/8.
The principle of exposure of the camera is not the same, the shutter speed does not participate in the exposure. In the dark environment, when the aperture is fixed, when the ISO is fixed, the 1/250s and 1/60s are the same. This is because the flash of the flash is much higher than the shutter speed, which is about 1/1000s-1/10000S. However, in fact, we rarely take it down in the dark environment, and there will be more or less environmental light around. Therefore, the shutter speed affects environment exposure. When shooting at night, you want the surrounding environment to be exposed more sufficient, and the ISO is lower, which can reduce the shutter speed to increase the exposure. For example, in order to ensure that the surrounding light spots are fully exposed, the shutter speed of 1/80s is used to reduce the ISO to 1000.
ILCE-7RM2 + LA-EA4 + 135mm
F1.8 ZA 1/80S F2.0 ISO 1000
How to place the flash
The lamp rack and strong clip are all good tools. However, unless it is necessary, I usually rarely carry lamps, because it is too heavy, loading and unloading trouble. So strong clip is my best partner. Because I can find it in one place according to the surrounding environment at any time, relaxed and comfortable.
ILCE-7RM2 + Fe 85mm F1.4 GM 1/60S F2.5 ISO 2000
Use the surrounding environment to fix the flash of the flash on the staircase fence to achieve it.
Sunny Flash Dafa
Many people mistakenly think that the flash is exclusive at night, but it is not. You can also use the flash on a sunny day. Especially in the highlight ratio, it is particularly suitable for using flash to make up, such as backlight. Using the flash of light cloth can instantly increase the clarity of the photo, and you don’t need to rely on the assistant to help you lift the anti -light board. One person can easily complete. If the flashing angle and output control are properly controlled, the light can be used.
In August 2015, the hottest summer in the South, 15:22 pm. The sun is poisonous and spicy, even if it is blocked by the shade, it is still huge. The model in the backlight environment is a dark article. At this time, a small flash can illuminate the model and instantly enhance the texture of the photo.
ILCE-7RM2 + Fe 16-35mm F4 ZA OSS 1/60s
F6.3 ISO 200 16mm
The biggest defect of a single light is that the light channel is too direct, and the shadow is too heavy, which is often said that the light is too hard. However, if you use the white walls around the room to reflect on the surrounding white walls, it is easy to take photos with soft shadows and even no shadows.
In the small space of the bathroom, the flashing lights are unlimited to create different incident angles to create a soft light environment.
ILCE-7RM2 + Fe 28mm F2 1/250S F2.0 ISO 800
A small window sill, a flash, can also create the effect of shed shooting products by jumping.
ILCE-7RM2+Fe 90mm F2.8 Macro G OSS 1/50s F16 ISO 250
Single light handheld Dafa
In the flashing lights introduced earlier, or the environment is required, or the environment is required. But what should I do if the tools and environment are not allowed? So teach a big move here, and the single light hand holds Dafa. It is also the simplest, most flexible, and no need to help the assistant. It is especially suitable for daily shooting of the family. One person can easily compete with the shooting method of flashing the machine. First look at the example diagram:
Seeing this, maybe many people immediately understand. Because the various flashing tutorials on the Internet have been mentioned in various flashing tutorials on the Internet, but there may not be too many people who really take action, so let’s take a look at the effect first.
ILCE-7RM2 + Tenglong 35mm F1.8 VC 1/250S F3.5 ISO 160
One backlight, one night scene, and these two are typical cases of holding single lights. If you are proficient, it can be light in the later stages, and it doesn’t matter if you do not even play JPG directly in the later stage. Because as long as the light texture is good in the early stage, the photo will appear very transparent, which can greatly improve the direct effect.
ILCE-7RM2 + Tenglong 35mm F1.8 VC 1/125S F1.8 ISO 3200
Can you shoot it with the flash and lens casually? Of course not, holding single lights also have certain requirements for equipment and shooting techniques, and listen to me slowly:
1. The lens focal length should not be too long.
It is best to use 28, 35, 50 fixed, or 24-70 focal lengths. Too long focal lengths, such as 85 or more focal lengths. The method of holding a single light with a single light is not easy to use. Because the focal length is too long, the shooting object is far away, and how to expand the arm, the angle of light incident is not much different from the top of the aircraft, so it is recommended to shoot less than 85.
The shooting target is 3 years old and children about 1 meter, and the examples are valued when shooting the whole body portrait with 85 and 35 focal lengths. Do not have more specific data, there must be errors. Mainly to explain the problem that the longer the focal length, the smaller the incident angle of the hand light.
2. The flash is best to have TTL.
Many masters find TTLs inaccurate, and manual lights are more accurate. However, the application scenario held by this single light, due to the various composition shooting of the whole body, half body, close -up, the distance between the flash and the shooting object is often changing. Adjustment is very hard and efficiency is not high. You may have time to deal with the model, but if you are shooting your own bear children, you will probably cry, because a lot of time will consume the output power adjustment of the flash. Therefore, using TTL is the most efficient. TTL with facial recognition machines is the crown of efficiency. Because when the face recognition is turned on, the metering of the TTL must be based on the normal exposure of the face, so the success rate of TTL is the highest, and there will be almost no explosive or arrears. For machines without facial recognition, use some measurement linkage. Taking a few more machines, just take a few more. In fact, the failure rate of TTL is not so terrible. It is always accurate to take a few more photos.
3. High -speed synchronization.
Big aperture and high -speed shutter should be used, especially when the light is replenished during the daytime. However, if the flash does not support high -speed synchronization, it does not matter, because it can reduce the aperture, low ISO, or add ND lenses to press the shutter speed below 1/250s.
4. Try to choose lightweight equipment.
Hot boots and micro -single are the best choices. After all, holding a camera with one hand and a flash in one hand, there is still a certain requirements for the arm power. Of course, it is not impossible to take a SLR+external lighting light. The burden is relatively heavy and exercise well.
5, the flash stretch the arm as much as possible, hold the head too much.
The stretch arm is to make the light incident as much as possible, so that the outline on the face will be more three -dimensional. Over the head, the flash of the flash is a little higher than the head of the subject. It is also a better look at the shadow of the facial features such as the nose.
6. The output of the flash at night should not be too large, and the impact of ambient light should be considered.
Night shots should fully consider the natural integration of the flash in the environmental light. Do not output high power, and press the surrounding environment into black paint. On the one hand, it is impossible to reflect the night view of the night view of the colorful and six -color neon lights, and on the other hand, the light will be too stiff. So even if the flashing light is used, when the surrounding environment is too dark, ISO will bravely open, and ISO3200 is not expected. In this case, the flash output 1/128 often explodes, so please try to use TTL as much as possible to get a lower output power than 1/128.
In this photo, because the light of hot boots cannot be taken too far, but in order to ensure that the audience behind Xingye also has enough exposure, I use ISO3200. The aperture is not fully opened, and only 2.2 is to ensure that there is enough wide scenery to accommodate the first row of mermaid crew members. The shutter 1/250s is to set the dynamic screen for enough speed. The photo uses Sony A7R2, the second generation of only Zhuozhuo is transferred to Tamron 35 1.8VC, the flashing light is clear DI700A, the flashing device day Qing AIR1, TTL mode. Holding a single light from flashing, it is particularly effective to deal with this chaotic scene.
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