Modern funeral industry, let us lose the opportunity to face our own death


In recent years, more and more people who have been educated have been devoted to the funeral industry, and people’s cognition and attitude towards the funeral industry have also gradually changed. However, misunderstandings, disregard, taboos, etc. of the funeral industry are still ingrained prejudices. Some people think that the funeral industry is full of profits and often see similar public opinion accusations; others feel that the hardship of funeral practitioners is far away from ordinary people and is a profession worthy of respect.

Recently, the new book “Smoke Gets in Your Eyes”, a new book of the American funeralist Caitlin Dough. In this book, Katelin directly and humorously tells his experience and thinking about working in the crematorium for 6 years. From the first embarrassment to shave the deceased, carefully come to the door with colleagues with colleagues, and gradually operate a huge cremation furnace, grind the human body into powder, enter the corpse, and give corpses. Wish and edema -giving an old man with carefully prepared Chinese clothes … She tells the specific and micro life stories and details, observation and research on the funeral industry, and a deep understanding of death and life.

The years of working in the crematorium have made Katelin realize that we are in a modern culture with taboos of death. Our society “structurally deny death”, “avoiding death” The attitude of choice for most ethnic groups. She believes that people’s attitudes towards death directly affect their attitude towards life. Only by objectively and optimizing death can they live more positive and more meaningful in their lifetime.

Therefore, she wants to share a more scientific outlook on life and death, so that the funeral cause is no longer so mysterious and afraid; she wants to open a family funeral home, and the family personally cleans and dress the remains. In a friendly and true environment, the person he loves is just like the human ancestors have been doing for thousands of years; she hopes to reform the funeral industry, and more and more people can accept natural funeral, open -air funeral, and green burial.

Katelin wrote in “Farewell”: “The corpse does not need your memory. In fact, it does not need anything. It is very relieved to lie in the soil and silently. Then you know that this person is dead and withdraw from the game of life; only when you see the body can you see yourself and know that you have that day. Only if you have a visibility, you can realize it. This is the beginning of wisdom. “

The following is the integration of part of the chapter in the book “Farewell”. It mainly talks about Katelin’s questioning and thinking about modern corpse anticorrosive technology.

“Farewell to Farewell”, author: (US) Katelin Dotie, translator: Cui Qianqian, version: Big Fish Reading | China Friendship Publishing Company June 2019.

Author 丨 Katelin Date


Integrated 丨 Yang Siqi

It must be buried by the body and dignity, but it is the product of culture.

A long time ago, the Varians lived in the primitive jungle in western Brazil. They are isolated from the world and have never been in contact with Western civilization. However, in the early 1960s, the Brazilian government and a group of gospel missionaries were not invited, and both people attempted to establish a relationship with the Vari tribe. This group of foreigners carry a variety of diseases, and the Warians’ immune systems are completely unable to fight.

In less than a few years, 3 of each of the five watts died. The survivors in the tribe have become extremely dependent on the Brazilian government because the latter provides Western -style pharmaceuticals that specialize in western diseases. In order to get medical, food, and government relief, the Varians had to give up an important lifestyle -foodist.

During the Renaissance philosopher Meng Tian, ​​in the article “Mei Food”, which is extremely straightforward, “Everyone calls different practices from ourselves.” There is indeed no such custom. Only anti -social madmen and barbaric talents can eat human flesh, such as headhunters and Hannibal Lekokt.

The reason why we firmly believe that the people who are mentally chaotic and ruthless are because we are caught in the so -called “meaning of meaning” by anthropologist Caifier Gelz. From the day of birth, we have been instilling specific values ​​by the specific culture we are in, such as the way of dealing with funerals, forming proper and decent standards.

On the issue of food people, we inevitably have prejudice. We think that our thoughts are open, and in fact our thoughts have been imprisoned by the inherent cultural tradition. This is like you plan to pass through a forest, but between the trees and trees are full of spider webs. You can vaguely see that your destination is in front, but you are wrapped in the spider web without walking. Everywhere is sticking everywhere. Because of these “meaning webs”, Westerners cannot understand the customs of the Varians anyway.

The Varls actually use the food person as a funeral ceremony. If someone in the tribe swallowed the last breath, they would never care. The family of the deceased sang with a stable and high voice while shaking the body. The shouting and the sores announced that there were funerals in the people in the clan. After a while, everyone joined the ranks of chanting. The relatives of the deceased in the neighboring village came immediately after hearing it.

The family of the deceased must first prepare for food. They walked through the entire village and took off a wooden beam from house to house, and the roof became crumbling. Anthropologist Beth Coccin believes that the crumbling roof is reminding people that death shakes the tranquility of the entire village. They tied the beams from each family, decorated with feathers, and made a pair of incineration. In the end, the family of the deceased carried the body and burned it on the shelf. The women in the village also prepared corn bread for meals.

The Varians don’t feel that there is any inappropriateness of food. Their understanding of animals and meat is very different from us. They believe that animals are spiritual, and animals are neither human nor lower than humans. Every day, humans and animals are changing hunter and prey characters. The American tiger, monkeys, and 、 are likely to treat themselves as humans, and at the same time treat humans as beasts. The Varians respect all the creatures they eat.

In addition, only people who are not very close to the deceased can eat human flesh after treatment, such as in -laws, distant cousins, tribal members, etc., collectively referred to as the kinship of the deceased. They are not bloodthirsty madness, nor abnormal -these are the motivations of food people often call people. In fact, due to the warm and humid climate of the Yamam Sun Yilin, the corpse will cause varying degrees of decay after being placed outside the house for a few days. Forcing themselves to eat a rotten corpse just means their deepest condolences to the deceased and their families.

Eaters have nothing to do with the energy of maintaining their vitality and the energy of obtaining the deceased. Eaters are to destroy the flesh. Buried the corpse in the soil, the Vari people felt scared when they thought about it. Only by being eaten can the corpse completely disappear from this world, which is a great comfort for the family and tribe of the deceased.

The traces of the deceased will be processed during their lifetime, otherwise the entire tribe will not be complete. After handling the remains, all the property of the deceased must be destroyed, including the crops and built houses he planted during his lifetime. The family members of the deceased had lost everything. At this time, their relatives and tribes in the tribe would take care of them and help them rebuild their homes. They did get their due care, and the funeral of the deceased reinforced the trust of the people.

In the 1960s, the Brazilian government ordered the Varians to abandon the food and switched to the burial. Let them go to the ground and rot in the ground. As long as the flesh is still there, the living will have been tortured by losing their loved ones, and it is difficult to forget.

If we are born in the Varls, and we are degraded by us as a “barbaric act”, we will hold this ceremony seriously. If we are in North America, we will predict the corpse first, that is, the corpse for a long time, and then put the corpse into the coffin into the ground. For the Warians, this approach is not only rude, but also unfamiliar. It is said that Western funeral means truth and dignity, but this truth and dignity are just the products of our own culture.

Brazilian female painter TARSILA Do Amaral’s painting “ABAPORU”

Do I have to resist corpses?

North America’s funeral industry claims that modern anti -corrosion technology has inherited the art of anticorrosive art from ancient Egypt thousands of years ago. It can be described as a teacher’s preservation experts from the most senior corpse, so that the current funeral organizers have inherited the posture of ancient civilization.

You can see at a glance that there are too many vulnerabilities. The anticorrosive artist can claim that his craftsmanship originated from the ancients, but the Americans only began to use anticorrosive technology in the early 1960s. There was a clear division between the United States.

The techniques used by ancient Egyptians and your local funeral home technology are completely two different things. About 2500 years ago, the corpses of the Egyptian nobles were carefully treated with carefully and carefully, and the whole process took several months to complete. The funeral home near your home can only get a corpse in only three or four hours from beginning to end. In other words, if the anticorrosive master is willing to spend three or four hours on you, you will be worth it in your life.

Over the past few years, large -scale funeral companies have continuously acquired the local “old -fashioned” funeral home. On the one hand, they have attracted people’s hearts under the “old -fashioned” signboard. In this way, the corpse treatment has almost become a pipeline operation. The anticorrosive artist is under tremendous work pressure and is busy processing a complete body within the specified time.

The ancient Egyptians believe that anti -corrosion of the corpse is a religious behavior, and each step is of great significance -whether it is stretched into the nasal cavity with a long iron hook, put the internal organs into The Kanobos tank (the ancient Egyptians were used to preserve the internal organs for the use of the internal organs for the use of the world), or put the corpse in the alkali salt for more than 40 days until the water was absorbed.

North America’s anticorrosives do not have the brain mixing hooks and internal organs storage tanks. They will only be pierced on the corpse, drain blood and other liquids, and then inject fierce preservatives. The most important thing is that the birth and belief of modern anticorrosion technology have nothing to do, and it is a product of the role of market and consumerism.

The method of anticorrosive corpse with chemical preparations was born after the outbreak of the civil war, that is, before the mid -19th century, Americans never enjoyed the treatment of Krif (the characters in the book, the deceased). At that time, people started to deal with the corpses of their loved ones at home.

The deceased is usually accompanied by relatives and friends, and he died in bed. The family members who have the nearest relationship with the deceased are responsible for cleaning up and wrapped the corpse, and then placed the body in the living room. “Guarding the soul” as if the corpse will suddenly be resurrected.

In order to prevent corpses from rotting at home, people came up with a lot of novel ideas, such as soaking the corpse cloth with vinegar, covered with ice under the corpse, etc., all invented in the 19th century. During the period of Shouling, there is food and drinking, with a meaning of leaving the dead to leave.

In the days of Shouling, the relatives of the deceased had to make a pair of wooden coffins, and sometimes they had to entrust the local carpenter to complete. The coffin is hexagonal, and the bottom is narrow than the upper end, indicating that it is specifically used to pretend to be dead. Different from the past, the rectangular design of the same width ends now has changed from “coffin” to “spiritual”. After a few days after the spirit, the family members put the corpse in the coffin and carried them to the nearby cemetery.

By the middle of the 19th century, major industrialized cities such as New York, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Boston and other industrialized cities have developed so much that funeral is a industry. Unlike farm and small towns, the division of labor in large cities is clear that funeral and organizers have become a occupation. Although work is nothing more than selling funeral supplies and decorations, such as making coffins, rental cars and funeral carriages, and selling funerals and jewelry. They also engaged in other businesses to earn some fast. So you will find that the advertisement of 200 years ago was particularly funny: “John Jessen -Funeral organizer, other businesses include tooth extraction, lighting, house making, ironing, making furniture.”

After that, the worst war in American history -civil war -outbreak. The Battle of Antima, which occurred on September 1, 1862, was “praised” as the biggest battle in civil war (also in American history), and a total of 23,000 people died on the battlefield. The swollen corpse was climbed with maggots, and the miserable horses and donkeys lying next to them were lying next to them. Four days later, the 137th regiment of Pennsylvania arrived at the scene. The head of the regiment had to ask the superior to agree with his soldiers to drink before buried the body, because this task could only be completed only under the anesthesia of alcohol.


During the four years of war in the north and south, it was difficult for many families to bring their sons or husbands from the front line, so the corpse was generally transported back to the homeland. However, the high temperature in the southern summer caused the corpse to be severely rotted, and the smell of the corpse was far more unpleasant. The Federal Army’s military doctor recorded: “In the Battle of the Victorburg, the battle between the battle had to be a brief litter, because no one could be suffered from the stench stink in the scorching sun.”

It is conceivable that the trains will be used to drive such a disgusting corpse to hundreds of miles away, and the patriotic train captain will not be sinned. The railway company began to refuse to transport dead corpses, unless the corpse sealed in the iron coffin -but the cost of the iron coffin was expensive, and most families could not afford it at all.

Stills of the movie “Goodbye in the Sky”. The film involves the history of some people who use the corpse after the First World War.

Some people immediately smelled business opportunities. If the family of the deceased agrees to pay, they will use a new technology called “anti -corrosion” to save the corpse, and they can operate immediately on the battlefield. Where the battle broke out, where they followed, they were the earliest people wholesale in the United States. In the face of fierce competition, it is said that they often set fire and burned their peers’ tents, and also advertised in local newspapers: “The corpse of our anticorrosive treatment will never become black!” The dead corpse, then put the antiseptic finished product outside to show the public to prove that he was superior technology.

The equipment of the battlefield anti -corrosion artist is extremely simple. One wooden board is on the two barrels. The anticorrosive artery is injected into the chemical potion into the carotid artery of the fresh corpse. Dr. Thomas Holmes claimed that during the civil war, he used the formula to give anticorrosion with 4,000 soldiers, each charged $ 100. The funeral industry has regarded him as “the god of anticorrosion” so far. Families that cannot afford expensive chemical formulas have to choose a more affordable method, that is, after taking out the body’s internal organs, fill the empty body cavity with wood chips. The dirty corpse is a felony for the Protestant and Catholics, but when you think of being able to meet with the one you love, religious ideals can be put first.


There are reasons for anticorrosion to corpses during the civil war. Family members need to kill their loved ones to complete the ceremony and give them the last journey. Even if the corpse does not need to be transported remotely, anti -corrosion is necessary. As Bruce said: “Is anticorrosion useful for you? No, but if you want him to move in many places such as funeral, church, etc., you can toss like” Bernie’s Weekend “. Do anti -corrosion. “Speaking, Cleve could not be practical, because he was buried in the Sacraonor soldiers tomorrow.

Corruption is simple to say, but the income is not simple. Although the law does not stipulate that every corpse must be preserved, anticorrosive is the primary business process of North American funeral industry, and the funeral industry has become a billions of dollars in industries in North America. It is precisely because of anti -corrosion treatment that the entire industry has been prosperous for more than 150 years. If there is no invention of anti -corrosion, the funeral people may be still selling coffins while extracting their teeth.

So why do we respect anti -corruption so much so that Akino Bobe is none, lying in a coffin like a prop? Why should we think that anticorrosive is a standard procedure without asking whether the relevant departments need to do anti -corrosion treatment for Crif? At the end of the 19th century, the funeral people realized that their professionalism needs to be presented by the corpse. The corpse may and indeed become a product.

In the early days of the development of the funeral industry, the reason why people felt that fools could be the funeral people because there were no national unified qualification certification or standards in this line. The so -called “experts” came from one town to another town. They taught a 3 -day anticorrosive lesson. The course usually ended in preservatives that “experts” to sell their endorsements.

But in just a few decades, the anticorrosive master changed his head to completely get rid of the hawker’s face. Preservative producers have shaped the anticorrosive artist into technical talents who have received professional training -both focus on public health and also know how to aesthetics. The corpses they have dealt with are beautiful for people to appreciate. They promoted this image as if science and art finally became perfect in this field. Similar advertisements are overwhelming, published in industry publications such as “Corpse Wrap”, “Western Funeral Master” and “Light”.

The new school funeral artists who have mastered anti -corrosion technology began to pass the information to the public: their skills can protect the public from the infringement of the disease, and their aesthetics can leave the “most beautiful memories” for the family members of the deceased. Yes, they make a fortune by the dead, but isn’t the doctor the same? Should the anticorrosive division work in vain? Of course, in the absence of anti -corrosion divisions, people hundreds of years ago could deal with the corpse at home a few hundred years ago -this will not be discussed for the time being. The anticorrosive technology is like a magical recipe. If there is no it, no matter how professional people are, they will not be professional.

Each culture has a unique means to deal with the remains, which not only surprised the laymen, but also challenged our own “web” -the Varls barbecue of their own people. However, the Waras’ actions are essentially different from the practice of Bruce (the character in the book, the author in the book, the author of the author). The Varls’ beliefs require that the flesh must disappear thoroughly, and we North Americans have corrosion to the deceased, but we do not believe in corrosion itself. Anti -corrosion is not a ritual that cannot bring us peace, but it allows us to earn $ 900.

Stills of Japanese movies “Entry Master”

The traditional funeral industry deprives us of the true interaction with the death

The north of Los Angeles is an all -inclusive city: the hometown of the most well -known cemetery in the world, the most well -known cemetery “Forest and lawn” with the most well -known cemetery in the world. “Forest Lawns” is not only a cemetery, but also a “commemorative park”. There is no standstill on the wide undulating hills. Many Hollywood stars have slept here.

The “Forest Lawn” cemetery was founded in 1906. In 1917, a businessman named Huibert Eaton served as the new general manager. This person hates the tedious European -style funeral, and is determined to create a novel and optimistic American “commemorative park” and completely declare war on the old cemetery. Eaton replaced the vertical tombstone with the slate engraved with the information of the deceased, because “it is really discharged in the middle of the tombstone.” He turned the “forest lawn” into a paradise of art, erected countless marble statues, and called it “a cemetery salesman who did not speak.”

Eaton was the first cemetery owner to advocate optimism, taking “eliminating all sadness”. The “Forest Lawn” caused a trend of beautifying death and was welcomed by the nation’s funeral industry. Death has become “farewell to the living”, and the corpse is called “the passing love”, “the body” or “Mr. Model”, and this “love” must be taken care of by the preservatives and makeup. “Shen Mian” is waiting for the soil in the gorgeous mourning room.

In 1959, “Times Weekly” said that the “Forest Lawn” cemetery was “Disney Death Park”, and also said that Eaton prayed with employees every morning to remind them that “the sales are immortal.” Of course, not everyone can buy immortality. We learned from the article that they regretted rejecting the willingness to buy black and Chinese.

The concept of radical death aestheticism made the “forest lawn” cemetery famous, but it was also ridiculed by American writer Ivelin Wo. Wo wrote in the book “A close person” that Eaton’s anti -corrosion division team sent each body to the “forest lawn” “soaked into preservatives and marinated. Stay for about 100 years. “

Due to the influence of the “Forest Lawn” cemetery, it became a glorious era of the funeral industry in the 1950s. In the 90 years after the American Civil War, the funeral people managed to change the public’s view of this profession. At the beginning, they had to increase additional income by making coffins. Later, they turned into a first -class senior talent for chemical technology. With the banner of “improving public health,” the corpse was kept to the corpse, and the bright and beautiful anticorrosive results were displayed to potential customers. After the war, the economic prosperity, people are generous, and have the strength to compare the luxury of the funeral.

In the 20 years after the Second World War, the cremation rate in the United States was staggering, with only 3%to 4%. If the family members of the deceased believed that a Cadillac narrow coffin, gorgeous floral art and corpse corpse created by the corpse of corpses were created The exquisite funeral makes them look unique. What else do you want to be cremated? The corpse of the anticorrosive treatment is pillow on the soft cushion, wearing a long -made of a thin material, a fluffy hairstyle on the head, and entering the soil with the posture of art. This vulgar taste undoubtedly caters to the mainstream aesthetics of the Second World War, just like the professor of religious and American funeral and agreed scholar Stephen Pricela, “the 1950s was an era of bodies.”

The trend of “Hua Zhi Po” did not last long. In the 1960s, American consumers finally realized that they were miserable by the funeral parlor’s virtual price. In the public’s opinion, the funeral home is no longer a representative of the solemnity and decent. The funeral people have become a group of shameless people. They have made a fortune by funeral, which accounts for the cheapness of the family members of the deceased. American society set off a campaign against the status quo of the funeral industry. The leader was a woman named Jesica Mitford.

In 1963, Mitford wrote a book named “American Death”, which attacked the funeral undertaking. As a confident communist, Mitford believes that the funeral people are a group of greedy capitalists, “playing a huge, cruel and expensive prank with the American public.” “American Death” has become a best -selling book, and has been in the New York Times best -selling book list for several weeks. The book’s response was extremely enthusiastic, and Mitford received thousands of readers’ letters, all of which thought they were victims of the funeral industry. She found that Christian clergy has become her firm ally, because in their opinion, the luxurious funeral belongs to the “pagan behavior”.


In order to protest the values ​​of the “Forest Lawn” cemetery and its similar implementation, Mitford announced that he would not hold a traditional luxury funeral after his death, but chose an affordable cremation. 1963 can be described as the year of cremation. This year, the book “American Death” was published, and Pope Paul VI overturned the ban on Catholics that could not use cremation. The two jointly pushed the United States to the trend of cremation. When “American Death” was first launched, most Americans still chose to bury the corpse’s body. But within a few years of the publication of this book, the cremation rate increased year by year. Sociologists believe that in the next 10 years, about half of the national population will choose cremation.

Mitford died in 1996. Her husband helped her realize her wish and directly cremated her remains -there was no messy decoration, no ceremony, no family members, only $ 475. Her ashes were installed in a disposable plastic ashes. As Mitford said, direct cremation is indeed a wise and affordable choice. The old guys of the funeral industry call the direct cremation “barbecue music” or “fast treatment”. They hated everything Mitford did, and her death finally gave them a chance to make fun of her.

Like Mitford, I do not agree with the traditional funeral of the row over the past, and I do n’t think it is necessary to permanent anti -corrosion, although Bruce publicly shows that he is the car supporter of the hardcore art. Mitford showed admirable boldness. She unveiled the “secrets soaked in Forma” in the anticorrosive technology, telling the world that every corpse generally “sprayed, sliced, perforated in a short time in a short time in a short time. , Soaking, fixing, hairdressing, shaving, waxing, makeup, embellishment, dressing -from an ordinary body to a “beautiful memory ‘”.

However, the longer I work in the West Wind (a place in the United States, the author’s 6 years), the less disagreement with Mitford’s opinion. I feel like she has betrayed her. After all, she is an undisputed leader in advocating replacement funerals and a reformeer for consumers for consumers. However, if the corpse’s anticorrosive and luxurious funerals are bad, would her so -called cheap and simple funeral must be good?

I found that the funeral culture based on fast treatment is a bit disturbing. Although West Wind also provides anti -corrosion and burial services, most of the businesses come from rapid treatment, that is, the cost of not more than $ 1,000. The cremation appointment and online service joined forces to join forces to drive the funeral people out of the funeral industry.

I have a “American Death”, which was reprinted in 1998, and Mitford on the cover sat in the aisle of the tomb above the ground. She was wearing a comfortable suit, holding a supporting bag in her hand, and laughed at her face.

American way of deth

Mitford’s British temperament appears to the fullest in his pen. She is proud of her hometown tradition. The so -called “tradition” refers to minimizing contact with the corpse as much as possible. In the United States and Canada, the corpse after the presence of corrosion has become a cultural custom, but the British (at least Midford and her high -class social friends) do not allow the corpse at all. It is difficult to say which is worse.

British anthropologist Jofeli Gore compared British contemporary funeral customs and pornography. The Victorian era regarded sexual and sexual desires as a taboo. The contemporary world regarded death and dying as a taboo topic: “When our great -grandfather is still a child, the parents told them that the babies were picked up from the jealousy bushes or garbage dumps. And we are very likely to tell the children that some of those dead people have become flowers, and some lying in a beautiful garden to rest. “

Gore pointed out that the “natural death” caused by disease and aging was gradually replaced by “violent death” in the 20th century -war, concentration camp, car accident, nuclear weapon. If American optimism sets off the trend of beautifying the corpse with cosmetics and chemical reagents, then British pessimism completely wipes the corpse and funeral ceremony from the civilized society.

In the preface of “American Death”, two contents shocked me. First of all, Mitford stated that the book “will not involve weird Indian funeral customs, although some tribes are still in use.” By the way, these customs are far worse than weird. The funeral method of the American Aboriginal people is extremely rich. For example, the Su people of Dakoto set up a 6 to 8 -foot -high wood platform to put the body on it to rot naturally and hold a complicated ceremony to mourn the deceased. Secondly, Mitford denied the reason why the funeral industry was deformed, and the U.S. public also had certain responsibility. She wrote confidently: “According to the existing evidence, I can’t blame the public.”

Unlike Mitford, I think the public is indeed wrong. I am convinced of this.

Katelin Dati

“American Death” assumes that it is normal to readers that no more than hate death: Of course, the earlier you want, the better, no one wants to stay in the funeral home; Let yourself look like a pervert; of course you don’t know what the funeral home is like. Mitford told us that denying death in a soothing tone was not only reasonable, but also so.

Mitford hates the funeral people because they are a group of businessmen. But whether you like it or not, this is their essence. Most developed countries are private enterprises and make money. Speaking of sales indicators and additional tasks, employees of funeral companies are not worried about no bitter water.

There is no doubt that the US funeral industry needs to change, but the opinions given by Mitford will only cause both defeats. She lit the match of hope, but threw it behind her, patted her butt and left. A large number of believers followed her footsteps and asked the funeral industry to provide cheap funeral services.

In the book “American Death”, Jessica Mitford did not improve the relationship between us and death, but the relationship between us and the price. This is a great mistake. The funeral industry fools the public, relying on high prices, but death. The funeral industry deprives us of the true interaction with death, so that we have lost the opportunity to face our own death. Although Mitford is out of good intentions, direct cremation can only make the situation worse.

The fifth season stills of the American drama “Under the Six Foots”

How are we afraid of our rotten

People mistakenly believe that “burial” is to bury the corpse directly into the soil and directly laid a hidden danger for the zombie world war. On the music videos of Michael Jackson’s “Teharma”, a rotten hand stretched out of the soil, and then the entire dead body jumped out of the grave. This method of burial has indeed been done, but the developed world is no longer popular.

Nowadays, the corpse is first kept on the coffin, and then placed in the underground tomb made of concrete or metal. The corpses are wrapped in layers of different artificial objects, completely isolated from the world on the ground. Finally, a stone monument was set on the grave, like a cherry decorated on the ice cream of the holy generation, and refused to recognize the existence of death.


There are no laws to use the tomb and coffin, and the cemetery itself is determined by itself. The role of the tomb is to separate the corpse from the soil. When beautifying the ground landscape, it can be more uniform and cost -effective. As a value -added service, the tomb can also increase the price by personalized design. Artificial marble? bronze? Family friends, please choose at will.

After the writer and environmentalist Edward Abie died, his friends could not bear to bury him in the traditional cemetery, so he stole his body into a sleeping bag and stuffed it into the truck and drove all the way to Cababesa in Arizona. · Polier Tita Desert. They drove on the road for a long time on the way to the end of the highway, and stopped at the end of the highway, and dug Abby’s corpses on the spot. They engraved the names of Abby on the stones along the road and poured whiskey on the grave. This way of mourning is very in line with Aby’s concept. He is warning people throughout his life that staying away from nature will bring harm. He said: “If my corpse can nourish the roots of Du Songshu and the wings of the strong vulture, this is enough to become my immortal, and so can anyone else.”

With the power of nature, human corpses rot, decompose, and break in the land, and finally integrate into the depths of the mother of the earth and return to dust. We interrupted this process with anti -corrosion technology and heavy coffin, desperately trying to stop this inevitable ending. This just proves how afraid of ourselves to rot. In the name of letting the corpse look “natural”, the funeral industry promotes the coffin and anticorrosive technology. This kind of death custom is no less natural than training large animals such as brown bears or elephants to dance in small jackets, as well as the imitation Eiffel Tower and the Venice Canal in the bad environment of the US desert.

The dislike of human corruption is not running through Western culture. In fact, we have a close relationship with rotten. In the early stage of Christianity, Christianity was still a small Jewish denomination for survival. People who believe in the new savior are facing severe persecution, and sometimes they are killed by their beliefs. The end of these martyrs is really terrible, beheading, stone punishment, peeling, strangling, cross punishment, some of which have been thrown into the hot oil pan, some were sent to feed the lion, and so on. The news they got was to rise directly into heaven, no purgatory, no trial day, and to the kingdom of God.

In the Middle Ages, these martyrs and saints became stars. In 324 AD, Emperor Constantine announced Christianity, and the body of the martyr immediately became a hot spot. If your church has the body of a well -known saint -even if there is only one heart, a bone, or a small bottle of blood -the worshipers will swarm. People believe that the soul of the saint is hovering around the remains, and the believers who come to pay tribute to the tribute are miracle and holy.

As Christianity grows, more and more believers have asked to bury themselves in the church or around them, only for the “immortal” of the saints. This method of burial has spread rapidly in the empire, from the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, to the current Britain and France, the entire town is established around these churches and corpses.

The church is busy supplying the growing market demand -of course to make money. Most of the wealthy wealthy and wealthy people choose to be closest to the saints. Whenever there is a large pit that can be installed, there must be a corpse in it. It is no exaggeration to say that the church was buried everywhere in the church. Near the semi -circular rear hall and the entrance hall at the entrance are the best position. In addition, other locations are available for free: under the staircase floor, on the roof or under the house gun, or even built into the wall. When you go to pray, the corpses in the church wall may be more than the number of residents of the parish.

Because there is no refrigeration equipment, the church must have a smell beyond imagination in the hot summer. Italian medical scientist Bernardino Ramazini once complained: “Too many people buried in the church, the corpses are often exposed, the abominable taste must come from them. This is obviously very harmful to the living person to dispel the stench with other spices. “


If you have no money and no momentum, you cannot get a place to rest in the church, then you can consider the backyard. Some corpse pits are about 30 feet deep and buried 1500 corpses. This custom completely overturned the beliefs of the Romans and Jews in the early Middle Ages. They believed that the dead corpse was unclean and should be buried in the suburbs far from the town. The church’s backyard evolved into a cemetery during the Middle Ages, so the cemetery was no longer hidden from people’s sight. Instead, it became the center of urban life and the core area of ​​social and business.

The vendors sell beer and wine to the people, and build a public stove to make fresh bread. Young couples strolled in the twilight, and some people spoke to the crowd. In 1231, the Loyan Commission banned the public from dancing in the cemetery and church, and the offenders were expelled from the church. It seems that people don’t have a little fun, otherwise how can they issue such a strict ban? In this way, the living and the deceased lived in the cemetery harmoniously.


Historian Philip Alz has a comprehensive study of the Western death culture in the past 1,000 years in his wonderful book “Humans in front of death”. He claimed: “For a long time since then, the deceased no longer brings any fear.” This statement may be exaggerated, but even if Europeans in the Middle Ages are afraid of death, they can find ways to overcome it because Compared with the glory of accompaniment, the appearance and taste of the dead are not decent.

The corruption of human body is just another truth of death. Through the necessary vision (and smell) senses, we remind us that the body is fragile and fleeting in the universe. Keeping such alertness is beneficial, and the appearance of human corruption in your own eyes will also bring extraordinary inspiration. Since ancient times, Buddhist monks have imagined corpses to achieve the purpose of staying away from the desire and permanently suppressing their desires. The content of meditation is the different appearances of the corpse at different stages of rotting: the phase of the phase, the bad phase, the blood coating, the pus rotten phase, the green phase, the phase, the dispersion, the bone phase, the burning phase.

In addition to the internal meditation, the monks will also go to the grave to see the real corpse. There is no more than a long -term face -to -face corpse to eliminate the fear of dead corpses. If the corpse completely disappears from culture (now disappeared), but we need these corpses to eliminate the fear of death (yes, we need), then what will it look like to completely get rid of the corpse? We do not need to assume that we live in such a culture and a culture that deny death.

There are many forms of death. We are obsessed with eternal youth. We have the magical purchase of skin care products, apply the chemical ingredients to the face, and try to detoxify and health, because the merchant kept telling us how terrible the natural aging is. It is used to make anti -aging products to invest as high as 100 billion US dollars per year. It is unknown that about 3.1 million children under 5 years of age die every year. Our technology and architecture are also deepening this negation, constantly creating false elements: we have more in common than the animals that are killed on the road.

If you want to break this cycle and avoid using anti -corrosion technology, coffin, and thick tomb, you must choose green or natural burial. There are only a few cemeteries that provide such services, but as social needs are growing, this method is becoming more and more popular. Except for the two aspects of stealing corpses and desert escape, Edward Abie’s remains are typical natural burials. The remains use a degradable corpse cloth to put it into the soil, and a stone is marked with a stone in front of the grave. The quickly corruption of the remains re -releases the atom to the universe, creating a new natural burial is not only the most environmentally friendly approach, but also can reduce people’s fear of corruption and reduce the risk of out of control. Choosing a natural funeral means to announce to others: “I know that I am combined by countless organic objects. I can’t do it in this regard, but I want to celebrate it. Long live it!”

*This article is authorized by the publishing house to integrate from the different chapters in the book “Farewell”, which has changed from the original content.

Author: Katelin Dotie; Integration: Yang Siqi

Edit: Zhang Jin; School Division: Xue Jingning